BCal had one of the industry's best safety records during its 17-year existence.
According to the annual airline safety review for the year 1975 conducted by Flight International, BCal was one of the top three safest airlines in the world, behind Qantas and ahead of Lufthansa.
However, there were a few noteworthy non-fatal incidents involving BCal aircraft.
On January 28, 1972 a BCal Vickers VC-10-1109 (registration: G-ARTA) sustained severe structural damage as a result of an exceptionally hard landing at Gatwick at the end of a short ferry flight from Heathrow, where the aircraft had been diverted due to Gatwick being fog-bound and where all passengers had disembarked. A survey of the aircraft's damage had revealed that its airframe had been bent out of shape and that it required extensive repairs to be restored to an airworthy condition. The airline's senior management decided that these repairs were not cost-effective. The aircraft was written off and a decision taken to have it scrapped. It was eventually broken up at Gatwick in 1975. (This aircraft had been the VC-10's prototype. It had subsequently been converted as a 1109 series passenger aircraft before being sold in 1969 to Laker Airways, which immediately leased it out to MEA. Laker Airways sold the aircraft to BUA in 1970.)
On July 19, 1972 a BCal BAC One-Eleven 501EX (registration: G-AWYS) sustained substantial damage as a result of aborting its takeoff too late. Operating the return leg of a non-scheduled passenger flight between the UK and Corfu, the aircraft passed through a pool of standing water close to its decision speed (V1) during the takeoff run at Corfu Airport. This caused a temporary reduction of engine thrust from water ingestion, resulting in a momentary loss of aircraft acceleration. The flight's commander interpreted this as a failure of the plane's no. 1 engine that demanded an immediate rejection of the takeoff. This chain of events was thought to have delayed by about three seconds the flight deck crew's decision to abandon their takeoff. As a result, it was impossible to bring the aircraft to a halt within the remaining runway distance, thereby being unable to prevent it from speeding over adjacent rough ground and coming to rest in a 1m-deep lagoon. Although none of the 85 occupants (six crew members and 79 passengers) was seriously injured, an elderly female passenger subsequently died of cardiac arrest on her way to hospital.
During the summer of 1976, a BCal BAC One-Eleven 530FX (registration: G-AZMF) burst all its main wheel tyres while landing at Gatwick at the end of a scheduled flight from Jersey. All occupants were safely evacuated via the aircraft's emergency exits.
In 1981, a BCal McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 aquaplaned after touching down on the wet runway at Kano Airport in northern Nigeria. There were no injuries as a result of this incident.
Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Caledonian